Brand new Tainos have been pre-Columbian population of one’s Bahamas, https://worldbrides.org/sv/blog/svartlistade-datingsajter/ Better Antilles, and north Minimal Antilles. It’s believed that the latest seafaring Tainos had been members of the family of the Arawakan individuals of South usa. Their code was a person in the new Maipurean linguistic nearest and dearest, hence ranges away from South usa along the Caribbean.
During the time of Columbus’s coming into the 1492, there have been five Taino kingdoms and you may areas into the Hispaniola (twenty-first century Dominican Republic and you may Haiti), per led from the a main Cacique (chieftain), so you’re able to exactly who tribute was paid. Because the genetic lead captain of Taino tribes, brand new cacique is paid tall tribute. Caciques liked this new privilege out-of using golden necklaces titled guanin, surviving in square bohios instead of the bullet of those brand new villagers populated, and you can seated towards wood stools when searching tourist. During the time of the newest Foreign-language conquest, the biggest Taino people centers might have contains as much as 3,000 some one or even more. The brand new Tainos was basically historic residents and you will opponents of your own brutal Carib tribes, another type of classification that have roots when you look at the South america just who existed principally in the brand new Smaller Antilles.
In your area, this new Tainos regarded on their own called its location
To have much of the newest fifteenth century, the fresh new Taino tribe had been passionate into the Northeast from the Caribbean (out-of what’s today South america) due to raids of the fierce Caribs (Of several Carib feminine talked Taino because of the large number of women Taino captives among them).
Terminology The expression „Taino“ will come directly from Columbus
From the 18th century, Taino society was actually devastated by the put disorder including smallpox, and also other troubles such intermarriages and you can pressed absorption to the the newest plantation discount one to The country of spain implemented within its Caribbean territories, having its next importation from African slave gurus. The initial submitted smallpox outbreak inside the Hispaniola took place 1507. It is contended that there try nice mestizaje and multiple Indian pueblos one endured for the 19th century for the Cuba. The fresh new Spaniards just who first arrived in this new Bahamas, Cuba and you will Hispaniola during the 1492, and later inside Puerto Rico, did not provide women. It grabbed Taino feminine for their wives, which contributed to mestizo people.
The fresh local people he discovered within his basic voyage called on their own „Taino“, meaning „good“ otherwise „noble“, to differentiate themselves regarding Area-Caribs. It term used on every Area Tainos and those in the fresh new Decreased Antilles. Particularly, those who work in Puerto Rico entitled on their own Boricua (which means folks from this new island of the valiant noble lords) the island is entitled Borike’n (Great homes of your valiant good lord) and the ones occupying brand new Bahamas called by themselves Lucayo (small isles).
Particular ethnohistorians, such as for instance Daniel Garrison Brinton, known as same people of people „Island Arawak“ about Arawakan word to have cassava flour, an essential of your battle. From this, the words while the everyone was in the course of time named „Arawak“. not, modern scholars consider this to be a blunder. The folks which called on their own Arawak lived only in the Guianas and you will Trinidad as well as their language and you can people vary from those of new Taino.
Going right through time, other editors, traveler, historians, linguists, anthropologists, etc., have interchangeably utilized this type of words. Taino has been utilized in order to suggest more Antillean tribes just, those and the Bahamas people, people and also the Leeward Isles tribes otherwise all these leaving out the newest Puerto Rican tribes and you may Leeward people. Isle Taino has been used to refer to those staying in the newest Windward Countries just, those in the fresh new north Caribbean merely otherwise the individuals surviving in any of isles. Modern historians, linguists and anthropologists today hold the term Taino will be refer to all Taino/Arawak tribes apart from this new Caribs. The new Caribs are not seen of the anthropologists neither historians as being the same someone in the event linguists will always be debating whether or not the Carib language was a keen Arawakan dialect or creole words – or at least a definite vocabulary, having a keen Arawakan pidgin often included in correspondence.